Effective teaching starts with knowing your students and where they are on the learning continuum. This visual (available as a free download) scaffolds teacher planning. It arose from conversations with teachers about how to fit feedback, learning intentions, goal setting, success criteria and reflective practice into their programming. It is a reminder that effective teaching involves analysing assessment data, thinking about the key concepts to be taught and planning for differentiation. Sharing learning intentions with the class encourages explicit teaching. The effects of feedback and goal setting for individual student growth has been well documented. In NSW we are thinking about assessment for, of and as learning as we plan for the implementation of the English K-6 syllabus for the Australian Curriculum. The final step in the cycle is opportunities for both teachers and students to reflect on the learning.