The NSW English syllabus has two key processes. They are a great way to think about English. Responding to text and composing texts are the two key processes that shape the syllabus. There is a reciprocity between responding to and composing texts so that student learning in one area enhances learning in the other. The elements of responding to texts are listening, reading and viewing and the elements of composing are speaking, writing and representing (creating). Rethinking our teaching in the light of these two processes is the current challenge for teachers in NSW.